This research project is a fund supporting a collaboration between the University Mohammed 5, Morocco and the Otto-Von-Guericke University, Germany. This cooperation is under the framework of a sandwich program, and the topic of the financed research is "Mobile object tracking using metaheuristics". After having successfully integrated the cuckoo search optimization algorithm, which is a recent and highly discussed metaheuristic, combined with the Kalman filter into the task of tracking a single object in a video sequence, we are now aiming for the integration of the modified cuckoo search algorithm in the tracking of multiple moving objects. This should lead to a robust tracker providing accurate real-time performances. The main aim of this research cooperation project is, on the one hand to build a connexion between the Moroccan and the German university, and on the other hand to develop the quality of Moroccan researches and connect the Moroccan research community with the international industry.