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Consequences of (post-socialist) land use and climate change for landscape water budgets, soil degradation and rehabilitation in the forest steppe zone of Bashkortostan

Finanzierung:
Volkswagen Stiftung ;
The assessment of effects of the new economic situation and climate change on soil degradation of the Forest Steppe Zone in Bashkortostan is figured out as main research subject. To reach the overall goal we have defined 5 research targets:
  • Characterization of history, stages, and dynamics of land use
  • Characterization of soil degradation
  • Characterization of soil erosion
  • Characterization of influence of climate conditions on soil degradation ? esp. soil erosion ? and water balance
  • Characterization of measures against soil degradation and erosion in the past and present
The investigations will be organised within 5 work packages. Each work package focuses on one of these. Work package 5 ?Development of measures concerning soil and climate protection and sustainable land use? integrates the results of the preceding 4 work packages. The investigations will focus on different spatial levels. Results will be gained beginning with laboratory scale to local scale (test plots) up to farm scale. This research results, like soil degradation patterns, will be verified at representative farms of different parts of the forest steppe zone. The joint research work and the quality management will be organised by the 5 work package leaders, who act as steering committee (SC) of the project. In extension to the structure of the current project we plan to assign an External Advisory Board (EAB), which includes representatives from involved stakeholders (agronomists), political decision makers (Ministry of Agriculture), and scientists. The EAB will evaluate project work and make suggestions to the SC regarding implementation and feasibility of project results. During the work at the current project in Bashkortostan new cooperation partners were gained from science, politics (Ministry of Agriculture), and regional (agricultural) businesses. They will be of great benefit to the success of future research studies. Hence we extended the group of applicants with partners from Bashkir State Agrarian University and Russian Academy of Sciences. Beside the research work the project will contribute also to the further development of education practice at the universities in Bashkortostan. This will be realised through the Phd thesis on one side and the adoption of new methods and techniques of soil degradation research.

Schlagworte

Bashkortostan, soil degradation, water balance

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