Experiences of Justice, Roles in Bullying and Well-Being of Adolescents
The main goal of this project is to test the impact of BW on well-being of bullying victims, bullies and defenders, and to consider justice experiences and also emotional-cognitive reactions as possible mediators and moderators of this relationship. Bullying is a form of victimization that has been shown to have marked detrimental consequences for well-being of both victims (Hawker & Boulton, 2000) and aggressors (e.g. Rigby & Slee, 1993). We will focus here on the well-being of bullies and victims. The belief that events in one?s life are just, as reflected in the personal belief in a just world (BJW), has been acknowledged as a resource that bolsters subjective well-being for both victims (Dzuka & Dalbert, 2002; Dzuka & Dalbert, 2007a) and non-victims (Correia & Dalbert, 2007; Dalbert & Stoeber, 2005). One issue that has received recent discussion (Dalbert, 2007) and that is addressed in this project is the conceptualization of BJW as a personal resource or a buffer. A personal resource can be defined as a personal disposition that helps people to cope with the events of their life. The stronger the resource, the better they can be expected to cope (main effect hypothesis). A personal buffer, in contrast, is usually seen as a resource that takes effect under specific adverse conditions (moderator hypothesis). Mixed evidence has been found for the buffer hypothesis (e.g., Dzuka & Dalbert, 2007b). Because of its assimilation function we expected a moderating effect of BJW on the well-being of victims and offenders alike.
Bewältigung, Bullying, Gerechte-Welt-Glaube, Subjektives Wohlbefinden
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